Igor Danilov point of view about the future 3D virtual museum has?
“The real is the rational and the rational is the real,” F.Hegel
With the following thoughts, let me introduce you to the future of 3D museums and my vision about the role that virtual museums play, in modern society. Research statistics suggest there are more than 55 thousand museums, in the World, which have collected millions and millions of masterpieces and cultural objects, from different epochs. The positive opportunity to elevate the level of human education, in order to develop society in the modern period, presents civilization with two big problems: how to systematically collect millions of new artefacts and art masterpieces and to include them correctly, in the incredibly huge, already existing, world collection. The second problem is how to present this quite infinite patrimony to the world, in such a way that each of us can find exactly what we need and in the fastest way, independently of where the needed object is stored. Here, I exclude another problem of the selection of the museum collection, because this is a subject for another discussion. Of course, we recognise the problems, in case we could accept the uniqueness of each museum object and the importance of each one for civilisation.
First of all, to respond to this dangerous and embarrassing question about the uniqueness of each museum object, I must apologise to all who believe in the great future of civilisation, who follow the principles of democracy, first of all, with respect to the person and human rights. However, I think we have to discuss this question with the reason of the truth. If I try to say that each museum object is unique, each of them has the same importance for human culture and this does not depend on the size of the object and place where it is stored – here I mean a respect for human values and human rights, if we allow the elimination of one museum object it means we don’t respect history and human rights – or, if I talk about the importance of all museum objects in the sense of the importance to study the history of developing the human mentality, probably it doesn’t excuse me, because it is not the exact response expected by strict critics, who don’t permit me to play with these senses, in a simple way; they would ask me for more the uniqueness of each museum object convincing proof. The founder of phenomenology, Edmund Husserl, probably could help me to find an answer, with the help of the phenomenological point of view, in order to present the importance of each museum object as a part of the sense of modern reality which exists in the human consciousness and consists of phenomena. The phenomena are a priori already exist in our ego. They permit the human mentality to construct reality. I propose the idea that the mentality creates and develops the phenomena, step by step, from the beginning of time, more than 100 000 years ago, when man gained consciousness, when man saw himself from the side and started to reflect on himself and his mentality, when man understood that he existed. He produced his first phenomena from the first emotions and sensory perceptions and tried to memorise them – he produced the first artefacts. Our modern reality is the complex of the phenomena and each of them has a prototype, in the material world, some of which are stored in the museums.
The interesting consequence of the thought above is the idea of describing the process of the creation of our human future reality, by our mentality. Probably, artefacts and art masterpieces could contain, in their symbols, not only modern reality, but also they could prepare the context of the future reality. The masterpieces of art are the bridge between the past and the human future reality.
I would like to emphasize, we have to respect each museum object all over the world, not only because of the sense of respect, on human rights, or knowledge, but also because of the sense of the modern reality, which exists in the human mind, with the help of the museum objects and because of the future we would like to create. I hope with explanation strict critics permit me to proceed from an importance to preserve world artefacts to describe the possible role of the Virtual museum industry, in the future world, answering to the problems of the modern time, for the museums above, regarding the worldwide collection of the museum objects.
The modern reality with the new forms of communication and new high level mobility of the people changes the psychological aspects of the human cognitive process and gives to museums new instruments to present the art masterpieces to the wider public, in a modern way, through telephones and computers. But with modern technologies, we can also present, worldwide, the human heritage, which is not kept in the museums: churches, street sculptures, palaces, castles and so on.
There are no senses to describe why it doesn’t matter for the ego how it keeps the cogitatum from the real object, or from the intuition only. That’s why I could continue with the simple hope that, with new technologies, we could not only collect our infinite patrimony, but select it in different ways and distribute all museum objects or, more correctly, 3D-models of the museum objects to everyone.
To preserve the human patrimony and present our masterpieces, to the public, placed outside, or inside museums, we could collect all the human patrimony, in a Worldwide 3D virtual exposition, and distribute it to everyone. This is the main reason why we started this initiative with the MuByz, which is an application that will give everybody the opportunity to visit monuments and see our patrimony via his cell phone.
ACEB Association President
Virtual Museum MUBYZ Director
Academician Academy Angelico Costantiniana